Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. The fort is situated along the GT road, which connects Afghanistan’s mountainous region with the Punjabi plains. It was built in the 16th century by the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri during his rule after the Battle of Chaunsa in 1539. Rohtas fort was built in 8 years from 1541 to 1548. The fort has a circumference of around 4 km. After the Sur dynasty overthrew the Mughal emperor Humayun, the nearby Potohar tribes revolted against it, and the Rohtas fort was constructed to suppress them.
The fort, which took eight years to construct, was taken by the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555. The Sikh king Ranjit Singh utilized Rohtas periodically for administrative functions after he took control of it in 1825.
The Rohtas Fort was designed to house 30,000 military soldiers at a time, and its vantage point atop the hill provided the ideal view to be alerted to any intruders or attacks. There are 12 gates or entrances in the fort altogether, many of which are still in place today. Due to the fort’s extraordinary preservation of Muslim architecture and military tactics in South Asia, it was included in UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in Pakistan in 1997. For the benefit of visitors, a museum has also been constructed inside the fort’s walls.
How to Get to Rohtas Fort?
The Grand Trunk Road (G.T. Road) or National Highway 5 (N-5) can be used to go to Rohtas Fort, where you can then turn into Rohtas Fort Road to get there. Generally speaking, you can explore the site on foot. You can leave your car at a nearby parking lot during your visit.
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What to See at Rohtas Fort?
The Rohtas Fort occupies more than 170 acres of land, and because it was built on mountainous terrain, its structure has a relatively triangular shape. Here’s what to see at Rohtas Fort during your visit:
The name “Queen’s Palace” refers to a one-story building that once had four rooms. Only one of these is intact now. The 8 × 8 room has elaborate interior and exterior decoration. It is roughly 20 feet tall and has a domed top that is embellished with geometric patterns and false windows. It is located close to Haveli Maan Singh.
Haveli Maan Singh
The foundations of the structures that once beautified this area of the fort can still be seen, even though the majority of the haveli is in destruction.
The fortress was surrounded by thick, high walls that were constructed in three phases and connected to one another by stairs that extended all the way to their summit. Bricks, mortar, and sandstone are used to construct the walls. Bastions, which are circular towers spaced along the wall, were intended to protect the fort against military assaults.
One of the most magnificent buildings on the site, the Royal or Shahi Mosque is situated close to the Kabuli Gate. There is a prayer room and a little open courtyard at the mosque, and there are stairs there that go right up to the top of the Kabuli Gate. The mosque boasts spherical domes in the ceiling that are only visible from inside the prayer hall and stunning decorations etched into its exterior walls.
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